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Kunio Nishikawa College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, Japan INTRODUCTION Japan's agricultural structure is changing from small farm sizes to relatively larger one. The 2015 World Census of Agriculture published in 2016 shows that the number of agriculture management entities[1]  ..
 
Akihiko Hirasawa Norinchukin Research Institute co., ltd 5-27-11, Sendagaya, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 151-0051 Japan ORIGINAL DOCUMENT 「農林水産物の生産額への影響について」(Written in Japanese) http://www.cas.go.jp/jp/tpp/kouka/pdf/151224/151224_tpp_keizaikoukabunnseki03.pdf..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan Introduction Gene recombination technology has generated both expectation and anxiety among its many followers. On the one hand, this new technology demonstrates a potential for increasing agricultural productivity. On the other hand, i..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Meiji Gakuin University Takashi Miyairi Hokkai-Gakuen University Introduction Hokkaido is the northernmost prefecture in Japan, agriculture being one of its main industries. Unlike the other 46 prefectures, large-size farming is dominant in Hokkaido. Many farms here suf..
 
Takumi Sakuyama Associate Professor of Food Trade Policy, Meiji University Explanatory Note for Translation The following is the translation of “Agricultural Competitiveness Enhancement Program”, determined at the Vitality Creation Headquarters of Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries ..
 
Yoshikai Iiguni Kuroshio Science Unit, Multidisciplinary Cluster, Kochi University Introduction The Information Disclosure System of Farmlands (the ordinary name is National wide Navigation) for Farmlands, began operation from April in 2015. The purpose of this system is to disclose informati..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan INTRODUCTION The provision of clean and safe water is one of the most basic public services offered by local governments. One of the major concerns of local governments during Japan's era of high economic growth in the 1970s is rela..
 
Fumihiro KABUTA, Ph.D. Professor, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS), Japan Recognition of current situation The need to revise the intellectual property strategy The food industry including agriculture, forestry and fisheries and related industries (hereinafter referre..
 
Masaharu Endo Patent Attorney, Hiraki & Associates, Manager of Bio-tech and Chemistry Group, Japan ABSTRACT In Japan, a lot of agricultural producers are eager to develop new varieties of food and foliage plants. Several tools are available in Japan for protecting intellectual proper..
 
Akihiko Okuno Managing Partner, SK IP Law Firm, Hiroo, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo ABSTRACT Japan seems to be doing successfully in terms of intellectual property (IP) protection and commercialization of innovation in the field of IT, electronics, machinery and chemistry, but not so successful in ..
 
Takuo ICHIYA Deputy General Manager, Executive Office & Inter-cooperation Division JA-ZENCHU (Central Union of Agricultural Cooperatives), Japan Submitted as a country report for the 26th East Asian Agriculture Organization Council (EAOC) Top Level Meeting on Sept. 28-30, 2016, Taipei, Taiwan..
 
Kunio Nishikawa College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, Japan INTRODUCTION Japan’s livestock industries, especially dairy, beef and pork industries, are expected to be seriously damaged after the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement comes into effect, because trade boarder meas..
 
Yoshihisa Godo, Professor, Meiji Gakuin University Takashi Miyairi, Professor, Hokkai-Gakuen University, Japan Introduction Hokkaido, the northern-most island of Japan, ranks first in food production among all 47 prefectures in Japan. Hokkaido accounts for 12.5% of Japan’s total agricultu..
 
Hisako Nomura Lecturer Faculty of Agriculture Kyushu University 6-10-1, Hakozaki-ku Fukuoka 812-8581 Japan   The agriculture and rural areas have a variety of functions (multifunction) such as prevention of floods and landslides, conservation of the natural environment,..
 
Hisako NOMURA Lecturer Faculty of Agriculture Kyushu University, Japan Point of measures In order to maintain and give the full scope of the multifunctionality of agriculture and rural areas, we support joint activities of the region, agricultural production activities in the mountainous region..
 
Kunio Nishikawa College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, Japan INTRODUCTION  The Cooperative Farm Extension Service (CFES)[1] in Japan has engaged in the guidance and extension of new agronomy technology on farmers after WWII. The central and prefectural governments have jointly manag..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan INTRODUCTION In developed countries, many food processing companies and farms employ unskilled foreign laborers, whose wages are lower than domestic laborers. Japan is not an exception. However, unlike other developed countries in Eu..
 
Mari IZUMI Visiting Researcher JC General Research Institute, Japan Explanatory note by the translator:    This document is the first of three chapters of the latest Guideline on Food Security under the State of Emergency, revised in 0ctober 2015. The guideline was originally d..
 
Mountainous Village Activation Support Grant[1] Dr. Hisako NOMURA Lecturer Faculty of Agriculture Kyushu University, Japan   ○ In the mountainous villages, distinctive agricultural products and landscapes, as well as regional resources like traditional culture exist.  I..
 
Yoshihito Yasuda National Agricultural Insurance Association e-mail: yoshihitoy@nosai.or.jp ABSTRACT Agriculture is an industry affected most by nature. Japan is situated in the Asian monsoon zone. Japanese farmers suffer from heavy damages caused by frequent typhoons, floods, cold summers..
 
Futoshi Okada1 1 College of Commerce Nihon University, Tokyo, Japan okada.futoshi@nihon-u.ac.jp   ABSTRACT A famous insurance professional said, “Insurance is the first choice and the last choice.” The axiom means that we cannot get any protection without buying insur..
 
Yoshihisa Godo and Hiroshi Takahashi[1] Department of Economics Meiji Gakuin University 1-2-37 Shirokane-dai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8636 Japan Introduction When pork imports increase sharply, the Japanese government is geared to implement a special measure for protecting domestic pork pro..
 
Hisako NOMURA Lecturer Faculty of Agriculture Kyushu University 6-10-1, Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 Japan Trends after TPP agreement outline agreement   [Conditions of TPP entry into force] When a country has completed its domestic treaty-making processes, it wil..
 
Kunio Nishikawa College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, Japan INTRODUCTION The Japan Agricultural Cooperative (JA) group has played a pivotal role in Japan’s agriculture while it has been criticized as the main factor which prevents the fundamental reform of agricultural str..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan Introduction Wild animals pose problems to Japanese farmers, as they often enter farmlands and eat agricultural products. The damage caused by wild animals was recently estimated to cost farmers around 20 billion yen per year1. ..
 
Kunio Nishikawa College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, Japan   INTRODUCTION Rice has occupied the position of national food for a long time in Japan, and the Japanese has taken the large part of their carbohydrates from it. Rice has been utilized for human consumption, a..
 
Kunio Nishikawa College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, Japan INTRODUCTION It is important for stabilizing rice farmer’s management to maintain the order of markets and to expand stable dealings between farmer’s organizations which engage in shipping rice and distribut..
 
Takayuki KIMURA Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan   Akihiko HIRASAWA Norinchukin Research Institute Co., Ltd. Operation of pension fund The pension fund for farmers who are paying contributions or waiting for the inception of benefits after they t..
 
Takayuki KIMURA Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan   Akihiko HIRASAWA Norinchukin Research Institute Co., Ltd. Preferential tax treatment In the case of income tax or inhabitant tax, the rates of taxes are determined depending on the amount of taxa..
 
Takayuki Kimura Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan   Akihiko HIRASAWA Norinchukin Research Institute Co., Ltd. Subsidy to Retiring Farmers Farmers who are going to retire can receive a subsidy from the government if they lend their farmlands to ICO..
 
Kunio Nishikawa College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, Japan INTRODUCTION At the end of 2014 when many people bought and enjoyed sweet cakes made of raw milk for the Christmas, the shortage of dairy products, especially butter, became a hot topic in Japan. Consumers could not fin..
 
Yoshihisa Godo and Hiroshi Takahashi [1] [1] We would like to thank Mr. Akira Shiratake for English language editing.   Introduction On October 5, 2015, the 12 countries participating in the on-going Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiations r..
 
Takumi Sakuyama Associate Professor of Trade Policy, Meiji University Explanatory Note for Translation The following is the full translation of “Countermeasures against the TPP in the Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Sector”, formulated in response to the agreement in principle..
 
Kunio Nishikawa College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, Japan INTRODUCTION Consolidation of farmlands into Ninaite[1] is important challenge for Japanese agriculture, because it can contribute to the improvement of competitiveness of Japanese agriculture in the international marke..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan INTRODUCTION Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) is one of the of the greatest food safety concerns among Japanese consumers. The outbreak of BSE-infected cows in September 2001 in Japan awakened consumers’ anxiety abou..
 
Dr. Hisako NOMURA Lecturer Faculty of Agriculture Kyushu University 6-10-1, Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 Japan This topic consists of a power point presentation only. ..
 
Dr. Hisako NOMURA Lecturer Faculty of Agriculture Kyushu University 6-10-1, Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 Japan This topic consists of a power point presentation only. ..
 
Fumihiro Kabuta, Ph.D. Professor, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS), Japan Fumihiro Kabuta, Ph.D. Professor, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS), Japan   There is the process of reviewing and reassessing basic policies from a mid-te..
 
Fumihiro Kabuta, Ph.D. Professor, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS), Japan II. Introduction of a new index for food self-sufficiency potential With unstable elements impacting global food supply and demand, public opinion polls show that a large percentage of ..
 
Fumihiro Kabuta, Ph.D. Professor, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS), Japan   III. Establishment of a comprehensive approach to food security incorporating risk management In the Basic Law on Food, Agriculture, and Rural Areas, the approach to securing..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   Introduction Japanese agricultural cooperatives serve important functions in the rural community. In addition to agricultural services, they provide several services required in daily life, such as banking and arrange..
 
Dr. Hisako NOMURA Lecturer Faculty of Agriculture Kyushu University 6-10-1, Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan Based on the outcomes of the COP 10, the MAFF reviews the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Biodiversity Strategy (established in July 2007), and p..
 
Nakao NOMURA1, Takumi Sasaki2, Kanda Whangchai3, Sarunya Pengphol4 and Niwooti Whangchai5   1Global Commons Organization (Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences), University of Tsukuba, Japan   2Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Universi..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan Introduction The Japanese government provides various forms of legal support for agricultural cooperatives. One of the most substantial considerations is the special treatment in the anti-monopoly policy, whereby agricultural co..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   Introduction Japan has a strict traceability system for beef products. Using a unique identification number labeled on a beef product, consumers can get detailed information on the beef cow from which the beef product..
 
Dr. Hisako Nomura Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 6-10-1, Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8581 Japan Promotion-of commercialization by the selection and concentration of technology and biomass Basic concept ○ In response to the earthquake, and nucle..
 
Mari Izumi Visiting Researcher JC General Research Insitute   This article translated from Japanese to English the final report of the committee for the development of active rural areas which was submitted to the Japanese government Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisher..
 
Dr. Yoshihisa Godo* Meiji Gakuin University, Japan E-mail: godo@eco.meijigakuin.ac.jp   ABSTRACT Japan has a unique system of agricultural cooperatives, known as JA. This study presents the updated estimates of JA’s share in the agricultural input and outp..
 
Hiroshi Takahashi, Journalist Bridge International Inc 1F., 1-10-1, Iidabashi, Chiyoda-ku,Tokyo 102-0072 Japan Email: Biitokyo@yahoo.co.jp ABSTRACT The livestock producers in Japan continued to be exposed to the wave of the free trade such as TPP (Trans-Pacific Partn..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan Introduction The Japanese tax system employs a general indirect tax known as the Consumption Tax (CT). Currently, a CT of 8% is charged in the sale of all commodities and services. However, the CT rate is scheduled to increase t..
 
Dr. Yoshiaki Iiguni Professor Multidisciplinary Cluster, Kuroshio Science Kochi University 2-5-1, Akebono-cho, 780-8520 Kochi Japan During the Great East Japan Earthquake, atomic power generation has been destroyed by Tsunami and lots of radioactive substances have been spread over ..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan INTRODUCTION The system of agricultural cooperatives, known as the JA Group, plays a pivotal role in the structure and economics of Japan’s agricultural sector1 Although there is no legal requirement to join the JA Group, ..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan INTRODUCTION For years, food nutrition labeling had not been compulsory in Japan. In response to consumers’ increasing concerns about food safety, however, the Japanese government, which many perceive as the slowest among ..
 
Dr. Masayoshi Honma Dept. of Agricultural and Resource Economics The University of Tokyo, Japnan Last September 15 and 16 Japanese Professor Masayoshi Honma, a world famous agricultural economist, delivered his lecture on the “Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Under the Abe Admini..
 
Dr. Hisako NOMURA Lecturer Faculty of Agriculture Kyushu University 6-10-1, Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 Japan Purpose The Japanese government enacts Geographical Indication (GI) protection legislation which registers agricultural, forestry and fishery produc..
 
Tasuku Nagatani (Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University) Email: nagatani@kais.kyoto-u.ac.jp   ABSTRACT Faced with the continuing shortage of farm successors in aging farming households in Japan, the farm succession to non-family members draws significant attention a..
 
►Shinsaku Nakajima Meiji University, 1-1-1, Higashimita, Tama-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 214-8571, Japan e-mail: anakajim@meiji.ac.jp ABSTRACT This paper reviews theories, current conditions, and barriers of liquidization and concentration of farmland in Japan and discusses perspectiv..
 
Yoshihisa Godo, Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan (A subsidy program for protecting livestock farmers from a sharp rise in feeding costs:) 1.      Introduction Japan does not have an advantage in the production of feeding crops because of its ..
 
Yoshiaki Iiguni Multidisciplinary Cluster, Kuroshio Science, Kochi University   Introduction This is the English translation of the second half of a pamphlet entitled “New Policy for Agriculture and Rural Areas is beginning!! : 4 reforms ” issued by the government..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   Introduction Farmers are exposed to the risk of injury from the misuse of agricultural machinery and occupational diseases such as poisoning from agricultural chemicals. In addition, the percentage of the aged, who ..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   Introduction The Japanese government has various food labeling systems. One of the most popular is the JAS Mark system. This system was launched in 1950 when the Act on Standardization and Proper Quality Labeling of A..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   Introduction Japan’s unique system of agricultural cooperatives forms a nationwide network, called the JA Group. This mammoth economic body organizes almost all Japanese farmers and has played a key role in shap..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   Introduction Japan’s food labeling policy is at a crossroads. Since its enactment in 1950, the Act on Standardization and Proper Labeling of Agricultural and Forest Products, commonly known as the JAS Act, has b..
 
Yoshihisa Godo, Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   Introduction Japan has a unique system of group farming, called the Agricultural Producers’ Cooperative Corporation (APCC). In 1962, the government established this system as part of its agricultural policy ref..
 
Kunio Nishikawa College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, Japan   INTRODUCTION The larger idle farmlands have increased, the more strongly it has been insisted that the function of the Agricultural Committee (AC) should be strengthened as “a guardian of farmland&rdquo..
 
Kunio Nishikawa College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, Japan   INTRODUCTION The idle farmland[1] problem is one of the most significant policy matters in Japanese agricultural policy. The increase in idle farmlands makes difficult to achieve the target of food self-suffi..
 
Kunio Nishikawa College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, Japan   INTRODUCTION Japanese food self-sufficiency ratio on a calorie basis is 39% in FY2012. This value is one of the lowest figures recorded for developed countries. This situation is caused from the increase in i..
 
Part 1   Mitsuaki Shindo, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Regional Policy Planning Division   Keywords: breeding, ICTs, intellectual property right, smart agriculture, consortium, rice, wheat and barley, beans, vegetables, fruits, flower, potatoe..
 
Part 2   Mitsuaki Shindo, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Regional Policy Planning Division   Product Specific Policies   (1)   Rice (a) Current situation Demand for rice for table use has been shrinking due to chan..
 
Part 3   Mitsuaki Shindo, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Regional Policy Planning Division   Product Specific Policies    (3) Beans (a) Current situation While the quality of domestic beans is highly rated by the users,..
 
Takayuki Kimura Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan   Akihiko HIRASAWA Norinchukin Research Institute Co., Ltd.   2.  Intermediate and conservation organization for farmlands There are opinions regarding the problems of farmers and far..
 
Dr. Takayuki Kimura Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan   Dr. Akihiko HIRASAWA Norinchukin Research Institute Co., Ltd.   In Japan, as the aging of farmers becomes serious, those who retire from farm management have been increasing.  On th..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   Introduction   The mislabeling of food became a prominent news story in 2013, as Japanese newspapers revealed that even high-end restaurants and department stores were guilty of selling mislabeled food. ..
 
Mitsuaki Shindo, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Regional Policy Planning Division   Keywords: Japan, agriculture, trade negotiations, WTO, FTA, EPA, TPP, tariff, levy, domestic support, sensitive products, rice, wheat, barley, beef, pork, dairy, sugar, starc..
 
Shin-ichi Shogenji Professor, Nagoya University, Japan   The following is a lecture paper presented and delivered by Dr. Shin-ichi Shogenji, a Professor at the Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, School of Agricultural Sciences, Nagoya University in Japan. Professor Shog..
 
Mitsuaki Shindo, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Regional Policy Planning Division   2.  Japan-Australia EPA negotiations The EPA negotiations with Australia, which started in 2007, was perceived to have a huge impact on Japan’s agriculture. Th..
 
Tomohiro Uchiyama Mie University, Tsu, Mie 514-8507, Japan Email: uchiyama@bio.mie-u.ac.jp   ABSTRACT Agriculture in Japan has shrunk for a long time. This paper examines the recent trend of farming sector, latest statistics on farm entry and succession, unique characteri..
 
Shunsuke Yanagimura1 1Resaeach Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan e-mail: yngmr@agecon.agr.hokudai.ac.jp   ABSTRACT One of the most serious problems Japanese agriculture have is the shortage of the number of farm business entities. T..
 
Mitsuaki Shindo, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Regional Policy Planning Division   Keywords:  Japan, agriculture, trade negotiations, WTO, FTA, EPA, TPP, tariff, levy, domestic support, sensitive products, rice, wheat, barley, beef, pork, dairy, sugar,..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   Rice is the staple food in Japan.  Thus, the Japanese government is paying special attention to rice contamination by cesium after the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident of March 2011.  This article aims to ..
 
Takayuki KIMURA Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan   Akihiko HIRASAWA Norinchukin Research Institute Co., Ltd.   The Farmer’s Pension System (FPS) in Japan is a public pension system which provides the additional pension on top of the Na..
 
Fumihiro Kabuta, Ph.D. Policy Research Coordinator, Policy Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan   (Continued from Part 1 uploaded on September 5, 2014)   I. Securing Stable Food Supply Article 2 (The..
 
Kunio Nishikawa College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, Japan   INTRODUCTION The Japanese government promotes to expand export of agricultural products and foods as a way of enhancing international competitiveness of Japanese agriculture and the strategy of national econo..
 
Yoshihisa Godo, Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   Introduction On March 11, 2011, Japan experienced an unforgettable disaster at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant, which involved the wide-spread of radioactive materials. On March 17, 2011, the Ministry of Health, ..
 
Dr. Takumi Sakuyama Associate Professor, Meiji University   Explanatory Note for Translation The Vitality Creation Headquarters of Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries and Regions was established on 21st May 2013, with the participation of the Prime Minister as chairman, the Chie..
 
Fumihiro Kabuta, Ph.D. Policy Research Coordinator, Policy Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan   The Basic Law on Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas, which was enacted in 1999, stipulates Japan’s basic policy on securing food su..
 
Yoshihisa Godo, Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   There are nearly 60,000 breeders of beef cattle in Japan1.  They play an essential role in the meat industry and create important job opportunities in rural areas.  Most cattle breeders are small-sized family f..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   INTRODUCTION Although Japan is the third largest beef importing country in the world (US Department of Agriculture, Livestock and Poultry: World Markets and Traders), with imports accounting for nearly 60% of domestic..
 
Kunio Nishikawa College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, Japan   INTRODUCTION We translated a pamphlet, “New Policy for Agriculture and Rural Areas is beginning!!”, Previously, we translated pages 1-5.  This time, we have translated pages 6-11.   ..
 
Japan’s food self-sufficiency ratio Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Yoshihisa Godo   INTRODUCTION Mass media often treat Japanese agricultural cooperatives as organizations of farmers1. Indeed, almost all farmers in Japan belong to agricultural cooperatives. Article..
 
Akihiko Hirasawa Norinchukin Research Institute co., ltd 1-1-12, Uchikanda, Chiyoda-ku Tokyo 101-0047 Japan e-mail: akihiko@nochuri.co.jp   ABSTRACT   Agricultural land reform in the aftermath of WWII generated agricultural structure of Japan with vast nu..
 
Fumihiro Kabuta, Ph.D. Policy Research Coordinator, Policy Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan   (Continued from Part 1 uploaded on April 18, 2014) 7. Mechanism of the compensation (mutual aid insurance money) Agricultural mutual..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   Introduction Japan has a unique network of agricultural cooperatives called JA. The name comes from the combination of “Japan” and “Agriculture”1. JA is engaged in various economic and politica..
 
The Situation and Problems of Japan’s Wholesale Market   Mari Izumi Japan-Cooperative General Research Institute   Explanatory Note for Translation   This report describes the situation and problems of Japan’s wholesale market. The report was..
 
Kunio Nishikawa College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, Japan   INTRODUCTION In December 2012, the Liberal Democratic Party won the 46th Japanese general election and President Shinzo Abe became the Prime Minister again. The second Abe Shinzo cabinet had been reviewing ex..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   Introduction Allotment gardens and community farms are small-sized farms where non-farmers can enjoy the experience of farming by growing rice, vegetables, fruits, flowers, etc. Some non-farmers who are bored with lif..
 
Fumihiro Kabuta, Ph.D. Policy Research Coordinator, Policy Research Institute Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan   INTRODUCTION Agricultural Disaster Compensation System shall be a public insurance system that has been implemented as the Government ..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   Introduction Japan is one of the major nations in the global pork industry. Worldwide, Japan is ranked sixth in pork consumption, ninth in pork production, and first in pork imports (note 1). Domestic production contr..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   Identified cases of Japanese cows infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) is a progressive neurological disorder of cattle that results from infection by prions, which are..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan Introduction The entry of non-agricultural companies into the agricultural industry is a recent trend in Japan. Various types of companies, such as construction companies, staffing agencies, and electrical equipment companies, a..
 
Ronald G.  Mangubat Information Officer of FFTC   Farmers at the Hikone Shiga Prefecture in Japan are becoming popular because they use the smartphone apps to help monitor crops and control production costs while the rapid aging farmer population continues to dwindle. Ac..
 
Community Order in Japanese Agriculture Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   Community order and free-market competition Japanese agriculture is not sustainable without community order. To understand the importance of community order, it is useful to..
 
Yutsai Huang Director, Food and Fertilizer Technology Center   For several decades now, Japan government’s mandatory quota-based program called “gentan” (減反)or paddy reduction, has been designed to keep rice prices artificially high. Critics say the program ..
 
Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   In Japan, the Agricultural Commission is a unique administrative organization system that manages various agricultural land issues at the local level. In spite of its importance, only a few English-language studies have d..
 
Yutsai Huang, Ph.D. Director, Food and Fertilizer Technology Center   School lunches were extended to all elementary schools in Japan in 1952, and with the enactment of the school lunch law, to junior high schools in 1954. Today, 99% of elementary school students and 82% of junio..
 
Chan-Ik Chun Agricultural Economist of FFTC   The Japanese government said on November 26 it will terminate the decades-old “gentan (減反)” rice production adjustment system (rice production quota system) as early as fiscal 2018. Japan has begun the policy since 197..
 
Tsuneo Kuwagata, Mayumi Yoshimoto, Yasushi Ishigooka, Toshihiro Hasegawa, and Motoki Nishimori National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan E-mail: kuwa@affrc.go.jp   Rice productivity and quality in Japan is being impacted by global warming and..
 
Yutsai Huang Director, Food and Fertilizer Center (FFTC)   Rice policy has been, and still is, the core policy of Japanese agriculture. Rice industry is highly protected by the Japanese government. In order to secure sustainability and create an environment where all motivated fa..
 
Yoshihisa GODO Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   Rice, being a staple food of the Japanese, is the most important crop in Japan’s agricultural sector. This paper describes the history of Japanese rice policy after the Pacific War up to the present times (note 1). ..
 
Toshiyuki Kako Kibi International University e-mail: kako@kobe-u.ac.jp   ABSTRACT Japan has been pushing forward trade liberalization, and the country’s average tariff rate is at 4.9%, which is low by international standard. Agricultural imports increased rapidly wi..
 
Akihiko Hirasawa Norinchukin Research Institute co., ltd 1-1-12, Uchikanda, Chiyoda-ku Tokyo 101-0047 Japan e-mail: akihiko@nochuri.co.jp   ABSTRACT Land resource endowment, which is similar among monsoon Asian countries, and income levels are the main causes of u..
 
Yoshihisa GODO Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   Japan is a mountainous country, with only 33% of its total land acreage as flat area.  Japan’s flat land area is much smaller than that of other, major developed countries such as the United States with 70% ..
 
Yoshihisa GODO Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   1. Definition of “agricultural labor force”   In Japan, agricultural laborers are classified in one of the following two ways: “population mainly engaged in farming” and &ldquo..
 
  Yoshihisa Godo Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   1. Definition of a farm household   A farm household is a typical unit of farming in Japan. The Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) defines a farm househ..
 
Yoshihisa Godo, PhD Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan   1.   Introduction The World Trade Organization (WTO) requests member countries to reduce fiscal expenditures for amber box programs, that is, those alleged to have the most trade-distorting effects. The WTO ..
 
Yoshihisa Godo, PhD Professor, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan                 The Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) recognizes “improving Japan’s food self-suffici..
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