Global food system dynamics and conflicts under economic development and policy

Introduced by Kun-Chan Tsai, FFTC

In the past decades, the global agriculture has experienced siginificant innovation and advancement for better production output and higher yield efficiency, moving closer toward the ultimate target of global food security. Through the distinct progress in economic growth, urbanization, and food technology, the pattern of global food systam is transformed of which four main food groups (animal source & sugar, vagetable, starchy root & fruit, seafood & oil crops) are thus obtained from 18 food groups data sourced from FAO, analyzed by Bentham et al. (2020) 

The pattern of global food supply is significantly affected by natural factors such as climate change, and artificial factors of malnutrition or regulatory policy, explained by Friel et al. (2020) Although liberalization of international food trade through reducing technicial and non-technical barriers at country level can be helpful to balance global diet nutrition, the conflicts between people and country, country and regional area, country and global economic partners contribute to the discordance in  practical nutritional demand and food import. To alleviate such tensions, countries develop various ways jointly and strategic partnership to maximize stakeholders' benefits and take people's welfare into consideration, thus evolving out diverse systems such as Free Trade Agreement (FTA) or ASEAN. In Friel et al. (2020), we can learn from a systematic view about how food system is closely interweaved into governmental policy and regional stakeholders as a basis to extend further to more complicated issues such as climate change, malnutrition, and food waste.

1. Bentham et al. Nature Food 1:70-75 (2020)
2. Friel et al. Nature Food 1:51-58 (2020)